Every student needs to know how to learn–learning strategies. And they need to know those strategies as well or better than the content.
And they need ones that make sense to them. That they understand and can grow into. Don’t tell them to ‘use analogies’ because ‘research’ says so. They need smart, intelligent, useful, flexible learning strategies that they can–and will–use unprompted because they know they need them.
And part of this is both the ability and tendency to think critically.